On Tuesday, March 12, Russia’s Foreign Ministry issued a note regarding Kyiv’s decision to terminate the Treaty on Friendship, Cooperation, and Partnership between Russia and Ukraine.
That note listed what Russia’s TASS state news agency described as a “number of Ukraine’s violations.”
The statement accused Kyiv of “violating the rights of their own citizens” and ruining traditional ties between Russians and Ukrainians “under the guise of fighting the ‘aggressor’.”
The Russian Foreign Ministry added that “the court of history will inevitably pass a harsh sentence for them.”
Regarding Crimea, the Russian ministry claimed that Kyiv continues denying Crimean citizens’ the right to freely decide their fate, thus also violating the Friendship Treaty’s provisions.
“[Crimeans] used their right to self-determination, which is guaranteed not only by a bilateral treaty, but also the United Nations’ Charter and also most fundamental international and legal documents," the statement read.
On March 13, Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov likewise said Ukraine’s decision to withdraw from the Friendship Treaty “is like shooting yourself in the foot."
In December 2018, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko signed into law a bill terminating the Friendship Treaty with Russia. That followed a decree issued last September not to extend the agreement.
The treaty, signed in 1997, obliged Russia and Ukraine to "respect the territorial integrity of each other and confirm the inviolability of current mutual borders.”
The accord will officially expire on March 31.
Moscow’s attempt to portray Ukrainian authorities as manufacturing Russian aggression in order to “violate the rights of their own citizens” is disingenuous.
Russia clearly violated the treaty with its invasion, occupation and annexation of the Crimean Peninsula from Ukraine in March 2014, followed by its use of force to control parts of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions in eastern Ukraine.
The Russian takeover of Crimea in February 2014 began when Russian special forces, operating without national insignia, seized the Crimean parliament building and raised the Russian flag.
The bloodless invasion by the “little green men” resulted in Russia taking control of the peninsula.
Igor “Strelkov” Girkin, a leading “self-defense” commander in Crimea and later commander of Russia-backed separatist forces in eastern Ukrainian, admitted in a 2015 interview that members of the Crimean parliament were herded into a chamber at gunpoint and forced to support the annexation.
The referendum in Crimea, hastily carried out under Russian military occupation, did not allow for public debate or for political leaders from greater Ukraine to visit the peninsula. And, in accordance with Ukraine’s constitution, all Ukrainian citizens should have been allowed to vote in the referendum, not only residents of the peninsula.
Further undermining the referendum’s validity were the two options on the ballot, each of which made it impossible for Crimea to maintain the status quo.
On March 27, the United Nation General Assembly adopted Resolution 68/262, which stated that the referendum, “having no validity, cannot form the basis for any alteration of the status of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea or of the city of Sevastopol.” The resolution urged all countries “not to recognize any alteration of the status” of Crimea.
Apart from violating the Friendship Treaty, the Kremlin’s annexation of Crimea also violated post-Soviet agreements Russia signed ensuring Ukraine’s sovereignty and borders, including the 1991 Belovezha Accords and the 1994 Budapest Memorandum.
In Eastern Ukraine, Polygraph.info reported there was overwhelming evidence of Moscow’s involvement in the so-called “separatist” war in the Donbas, launched after the Russian annexation of Crimea in 2014.
Leaders of the so-called “civil war” were Russian citizens, the presence of Russian “volunteers” in the country is well-documented and Russian military technology, never purchased by Ukraine, was found.
The International Criminal Court (ICC) ruled that Moscow’s actions in both Crimea and eastern Ukraine constitute an international armed conflict between Russia and Ukraine.
As Polygraph.info previously reported, the ICC used the word “crime” to describe the conflict in 2016. The war in Donbas has claimed nearly 13,000 lives.
Ukraine's Deputy Prime Minister on European and Euroatlantic Integration, Ivanna Klympush-Tsintsadze, recently said that Ukraine did not terminate the treaty earlier so that Kyiv could file suit against Russia on the “basis of the violations of the treaty committed by Russia.”
"And this means that all these violations, such as the illegal annexation [of Crimea], and the invasion of eastern Ukraine, and this attack and aggression in the Black Sea-Azov region, in the Kerch Strait, all these things are documented and are grounds for us to sue the Russian Federation," the Ukrainian news agency UNIAN cites Klympush-Tsintsadze as saying.
In light of Russia’s clear and repeated violations of Ukraine’s territorial integrity, Polygraph.info finds Moscow’s claim that Kyiv is responsible for the breakdown of bilateral relations to be false.